MFMP - Attachments 13 and 14

Glossary and acronyms; bibliography.


Acceptable risk The level of potential losses that a society or community considers acceptable, given existing social, economic, political, cultural, technical and environmental conditions.
Assets and values Recognised features of the built, natural and cultural environments. Built assets may include buildings, roads and bridges; structures managed by utility and service providers; or recognised features of private land, such as houses, property, stock and crops and associated buildings and equipment. Natural assets may include forest produce, forest regeneration, conservation values including vegetation types, fauna, air and water catchments*. Cultural values may include recreational, Indigenous, historical, archaeological and landscape values.
Assumption A conclusion that is reached based on the information available at the time.
Community A group of people with a commonality of association and generally defined by location, shared experience or function.
Community based disaster risk management A process that seeks to develop and implement strategies and activities for disaster preparedness (and often risk reduction) that is locally appropriate and locally ‘owned’.
Consequence Outcome or impact of an event.
Critical infrastructure Critical infrastructure includes those services, physical facilities, supply chains, information technologies and communication networks that, if destroyed, degraded or rendered unavailable for an extended period, would significantly impact on the social or economic well-being of the community.
  • telecommunications
  • electrical power systems
  • gas and oil storage and transportation
  • banking and finance
  • transportation
  • water supply systems (and sewerage).
Adapted from Critical Infrastructure Advisory Council (CIAC).
Elements at risk The population, buildings and civil engineering works, economic activities, public services and infrastructure etc. exposed to sources of risk.
Emergency An event, actual, or imminent that endangers or threatens to endanger life, property or the environment, and that requires a significant and coordinated response.
Essential service
(Essential Services Commission Act 2001)
A service (including the supply of goods) provided by:
  • the electricity industry
  • the gas industry
  • the ports industry
  • the grain handling industry
  • the rail industry
  • the water industry
  • (g) any other industry prescribed for the purpose of this definition.
Event Occurrence of a particular set of circumstances.  An incident or situation that occurs in a particular place during a particular interval of time.
Frequency A measure of the number of occurrences per unit of time.
Fire Comes under the definition of an Emergency.  The Emergency Management Act 1986 defines ‘emergency’ as: “… the actual or imminent occurrence of an event which in any way endangers or threatens to endanger the safety or health of any person in Victoria or which destroys or damages, or threatens to destroy or damage, any property  in Victoria or in any way endangers or threatens to endanger the environment or an element of the environment in Victoria, including, without limiting the generality of the foregoing and specific to integrated fire management and therefore includes:
  • A fire; and
  • An explosion,
  • A road accident or any other accident,
  • A disruption
Hazard A source of potential harm or situation with a potential to cause loss.
A potentially damaging physical event that may cause loss of life or injury, property damage, social and economic disruption or environmental degradation.
Impact See consequence.
Leadership group A subgroup of the broader committee comprising the risk category, technical knowledge and experience.
Likelihood Used as a general description of probability or frequency – can be expressed qualitatively or quantitatively.
Loss Any negative consequence or adverse effect – financial or otherwise.
Mitigation Measures taken in advance of a disaster, aimed at decreasing or eliminating its impact on society and environment.
Monitor To check, supervise, critically observe or measure the progress of an activity, action or system on a regular basis in order to identify change from the performance level required or expected.
Organisation Group of people and facilities with an arrangement of responsibilities, authorities and relationships.
Practicable What is realistic to achieve in the context of:
  • the severity of the hazard or risk in question
  • the state of knowledge about that hazard or risk and any ways of
  • removing or mitigating that hazard or risk
  • the availability and suitability of ways to remove or mitigate that
  • hazard or risk
  • the cost of removing or mitigating that hazard or risk.
Preparedness     Arrangements to ensure that in the event of an emergency occur all those resources and services that are needed to cope with the effects can be efficiently mobilised and deployed.
Prevention Regulatory and physical measures to ensure that emergencies are prevented, or their effects mitigated.
Probability A measure of the chance of occurrence expressed as a number between 0 and 1. ‘Frequency’ or ‘likelihood’ rather than ‘probability’ may be used in describing risk. The likelihood of a specific outcome, as measured by the ratio of specific outcomes to the total number of possible outcomes. Probability is expressed as a number between zero and unity – zero indicating an impossible outcome and unity indicating an outcome that is certain. Probabilities are commonly expressed in terms of percentage e.g. the probability of throwing a six on a single roll of a die is 1 in 6, or 0.167, or 16.7 per cent.
Recovery The coordinated process of supporting emergency affected communities in the reconstruction of the physical infrastructure and restoration of emotional, social, economic and physical wellbeing.
Residual risk Risk remaining after implementation of risk treatment.
Resilience The capacity of a system, community or society potentially exposed to hazards to adapt, by resisting or changing in order to reach and maintain an acceptable level of functioning and structure. This is determined by the degree to which the social system is capable of organizing itself to increase its capacity for learning from past disasters for better future protection and to improve risk reduction measures
Response Actions taken in anticipation of, during and immediately after an emergency, to ensure its effects are minimised and that people affected are given immediate relief and support.
Risk The chance of something happening that will have an impact on objectives.
The probability of harmful consequences resulting from interaction between natural or human-induced hazards and vulnerable conditions6.
Risk analysis Systematic process to understand the nature of, and deduce, the level of risk.
Risk assessment The overall process of risk identification, analysis and evaluation
Risk criteria Terms of reference by which the significance of risk is assessed.
Risk evaluation Process of comparing the level of risk against risk criteria.
Risk identification The process of determining what, where, when, why and how something could happen.
Risk management The culture, process and structures that are directed towards realising potential opportunities whilst managing adverse effects.
Risk management process The systematic application of management of policies, procedures and practices to the tasks of communicating, establishing the context, identifying, analysing, evaluating, treating, monitoring and reviewing risk.
Risk reduction Actions taken to lessen the likelihood, negative consequences, or both, associated with a risk.
Risk register A listing of risk statements describing sources of risk and elements at risk, with assigned consequences, likelihoods and levels of risk.
Risk treatment Process of selection and implementation of measures to modify risk. The term ‘risk treatment’ is sometimes used for the measures themselves.
Source of risk Source of potential harm.
Stakeholders Those people and organisations who may affect, be affected by, or perceive themselves to be affected by a decision, activity or risk.
Susceptibility The potential to be affected by loss.
Tolerable Risk A risk within a range that society can live with so as to secure certain net benefits. It is the range of risk regarded as non-negligible and needing to be kept under review and reduced further if possible.
Treatment An existing process, policy, device, practice or other action that acts to minimise negative risk or enhance positive opportunities.  The word control may also be applied to a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the achievement of objectives.
Treatment (adequacy) assessment Systematic review of processes to ensure that controls are still effective and appropriate.
Vulnerability The conditions determined by physical, social, economic and environmental factors or processes, which increase the susceptibility of a community to the impact of hazards.
Vulnerable people (DHHS definition) Those living in high bushfire risk areas and who are unable to make an independent decision, including due to cognitive impairment; physically dependant and totally reliant on in home personal care and support; and people who live alone and are geographically and socially isolated with no co-resident carer or family.


BMO Bushfire Management Overlay
BPA Bushfire Prone Area
BSW Barwon South West
BOQ Borough of Queenscliffe
CFA Country Fire Authority
COGG City of Greater Geelong
CIG Community Information Guide
DEDJTR Department Economic Development, Jobs, Transport & Resource
DELWP Department of Environment Land Water and Planning
DET Department of Education and Training
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services
IAP2 International Association of Public Participation
IFMP Integrated Fire Management Planning (IFMP)  
MEMP Municipal Emergency Management Plan
MEMPC Municipal Emergency Management Planning Committee
MFMCC Municipal Fire Management Consultative Committee
MFMP Municipal Fire Management Plan
MFMPC Municipal Fire Management Planning Committee
MFPC Municipal Fire Prevention Committee
MFPO Municipal Fire Prevention Officer
MFPP Municipal Fire Prevention Plan
MWG Municipal Working Group
NSP Neighbourhood Safer Place
PLR Places of Last Resort
PPRR Preparation, Prevention, Response, Recovery
RSFSC Regional Strategic Fire Sub Committee
SFMPC State Fire Management Planning Committee
VFRR-B Victorian Fire Risk Register Bushfire

Attachment 14 - Bibliography

  • CFA Act 1958
  • Barwon South West Regional Strategic Fire Management Plan 2016
  • Dangerous Goods Act 1985
  • Dangerous Goods (Storage & Handling) Regulations 2000
  • Economic Indicators Bulletin 2010/11 – City of Greater Geelong
  • Occupational Health and Safety Act 1985 Code of Practice for Hazardous Substances No. 24, 1 June 2000
  • Dangerous Goods (Storage & Handling) Regulations 2000
  • Commonwealth Road Transport Reform (Dangerous Goods) Regulations 1997
  • Dangerous Goods (Rail) Regulations 1998
  • Dangerous Goods (Storage & Handling) Interim Regulations 2011
  • Planning Schemes Online
  • Building Code of Australia (BCA)
  • Building Commission 2011-42, Building Controls for Bushfire Safety – Interim
  • Country Fire Authority - Definition of dangerous goods (weblink no longer available)
  • The Water Act 1989

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Page last updated: Thursday, 28 May 2020