Encouraging the community to reduce car use for local trips and be more physicaly active.
The actions recommended for addressing Challenge 1 are summarised in Table 6-1.
Table 6-1 Recommended Actions to address Challenge 1
||Evaluate the City of Greater Geelong’s approach to all aspects of car parking. Compare and benchmark against initiatives in other progressive Australian and international cities. Produce an area-wide Parking Plan that aligns with the objectives of this document.
||Investigate the available funding and delivery options for providing footpaths where they are needed.
||Identify streets in populated areas without footpaths, or with a footpath on only one side of the road.
||Produce a footpath delivery program that prioritises provision wherever most needed (in populated areas), and where delivery via other programs of works is unlikely.
||Research the safety issues for people travelling by active transport – where these issues are located, and the extent to which they discourage active transportation.
||Introduce monitoring processes that will clearly capture accidents involving pedestrians and cyclists.
||Work with VicRoads to prioritise and deliver the proposed Principal Bicycle Network.
||Identify an area wide prioritised list of pedestrian and cycle orientated traffic signal works, as specified in the Central Geelong Transportation Links Study and other documents. Develop an
The City of Greater Geelong is committed to discouraging unnecessary car use, and improving health and wellbeing of the community by creating attractive street environments that ‘invite’ the use of active transport modes. Council wants to transition people’s hearts and minds away from instinctively reaching for the car keys to make a local trip. Improving both the quality and number of facilities for pedestrians and cyclists in residential areas will encourage active travel modes. Geelong’s vision is of active neighbourhoods where people walk, cycle,
spend time and interact.
This is a major undertaking for Council. It will involve an extensive program of capital works in the form of new pavements and cycle routes where most people live. Council will need to consider how these improvements can be funded, how projects can be prioritised to meet the need, and delivered in a way that offers maximum value for money. As part of this process, Council will introduce new planning guidelines to ensure that the City of Greater Geelong receives the active transport infrastructure it needs alongside the continuing incremental development. This way, future generations will benefit from proactively creating streets that help encourage people to live more active lifestyles.
Cars will continue to have a role for some trips. But the emphasis will be on creating street environments that invite people to get active.
Council will take a balanced approach to achieving the transport outcomes needed in the City of Greater Geelong for maintaining its position as a popular place to live, work and visit. This balanced approach will also require implementation of progressive policies for providing and managing car parking and complement improvements made for people traveling by active modes. The combination will bring about real change in people’s travel choices, and in the way the street spaces are used.
Below is a summary of the actions recommended for addressing the challenge of encouraging the community to
reduce car use for local trips and be more physically active.
Action 1a – Produce an area-wide parking plan for the City of Greater Geelong
As Geelong grows, parking pressures and congestion, particularly in central areas and railway stations, will increase. Proactive responses are needed if Council is to ensure a holistic approach to encouraging the use of active transport modes. The responses need to include parking management measures that remove the current incentives to make unnecessary car trips, and help ensure that the available parking supply is used efficiently.
A comprehensive review of parking approaches, standards and management is needed for the whole City of Geelong, one that is in line with the needs and transport objectives of each sub region. A City of Greater Geelong Parking Plan will be prepared that provides a long term car parking blueprint, and will consider:
- The introduction of restraint-based off-street parking standards for new developments, such as reducing the supply requirements or introducing parking levies
- The potential for park and ride schemes that serve land uses where land values are high and/or space to provide parking is limited, such as the CBD or at railway stations.
- Management of off-street and on-street parking, including provision of short- versus long-stay spaces and charging regimes that align with the objectives of this strategy.
- The potential role of workplace parking levies, both for encouraging more desirable mode selection, and for raising funds for council to reinvest in pedestrian and cyclist facilities.
- The roll out of controlled parking zones to manage parking demand externalities, which are the impacts that parking imposes on an uninvolved third party.
- Disabled parking needs.
- On-street loading zone requirements.
- The role and importance of on-street parking in areas with competing space demands and a need for improved amenities, such as high streets.
- Geelong’s existing culture and expectations in relation to parking, and approaches for challenging current attitudes.
- The potential role of smart technology (including driverless cars) in revolutionising approaches to parking over the next 30 years.
- Data collection and monitoring process, to enable informed decisions on parking demand and nature of use.
Action 1b – Investigate funding and delivery options for the construction of footpaths
Streets that also provide good quality spaces achieve many positive outcomes, creating a virtuous circle:
- Attractive and well-connected permeable street networks encourage more people to use active transport modes to get to local destinations, improving their health while reducing motor traffic, energy use, and pollution.
- More people on the streets leads to better personal security through passive surveillance and road safety. Research shows that the presence of pedestrians on streets causes drivers to travel more slowly.
- People meeting one another casually, strengthens communities and encourages a sense of pride in local environments.
- People who live in good-quality environments are more likely to be proud of their locale: they enjoy a sense of ownership and a stake in maintaining their local streets and public spaces.
Well-designed streets play a crucial role in meeting the aims of this strategy – to have a healthy population, a liveable place, and a connected environment. Council will also investigate options for funding and delivering the capital works required to provide the comprehensive footpath network needed in populated areas. The investigation will specifically consider:
- the options available for securing funds to pay for the necessary footpath works
- the legislative changes required to ensure that there are ongoing mechanisms in place for delivering footpaths in conjunction with new development
- procurement options for delivering the works in an expedient and cost effective manner
- the necessary Council resources and Governance structure to manage and deliver the works.
Action 1c – Investigate streets in populated areas where footpaths are required
Council will complete an assessment of the footpath network in the City in Geelong to understand those streets:
- defined as populated or in populated areas, requiring footpaths along both sides
- currently without footpaths along both sides of the street
- currently with footpaths along only one side of the street
- streets currently without footpaths. This assessment will allow Council to understand the size of the task of providing footpaths, and will also help highlight the areas where footpath shortage is a more prominent issue.
Action 1d – Produce a prioritised delivery program for providing footpaths in populated areas
Providing a comprehensive footpath network that offers pedestrians a consistent experience will significantly encourage people to walk to local schools, shops, parks, pubs, cafes, bus stops, railway stations and other amenities.
Completing Action 1b will help finalise effective mechanisms for providing more footpaths; Action 1c will help Council quantify the task; Action 1d will help establish the associated scope of works for delivering a comprehensive footpath network and an implementation program. More specifically, the works package will detail:
- minimum service standards for footpaths, namely width, surfacing and lighting
- the total amounts of new footpath needed for meeting the minimum service standards for streets in populated areas
- the approximate total cost of providing the required footpaths
- the proposed footpath works already committed in structure plans, development plans, and other documents
- the prioritised delivery list, delivery program, and funding sources (Council, developers, VicRoads, DEDJTR, PTV, other)
- the existing opportunities combine footpath provision with other works (such as road works), thereby reducing costs and improving efficiencies
- procurement options for delivering the works in an expedient and cost effective manner.
Action 1e – Research active transport safety issues within the City of greater Geelong
Reviewing historical crash statistics within the City of Greater Geelong will help planners understand the accident trends related to active transport (cyclists, pedestrians, and the like). Any review needs to include the Geelong Road Safety Strategy and other relevant background documents, to draw on previous data and analysis in relation to active transport safety issues within Geelong.
It would be helpful if the review consults with the local relevant active transport groups who can offer valuable insights into the current safety issues and challenges faced by pedestrians and cyclists. Community consultation may also generate insights into the impact of these safety concerns on people’s transport choices – why they might not walk or cycle and use other transport
Action 1f – Introduce monitoring processes which clearly capture accidents involving pedestrians and cyclists
Introducing monitoring processes that capture accidents involving pedestrians and cyclists, will complement other work undertaken to understand road safety issues faced by people using non-car travel modes. This will allow Council to establish whether safety concerns are a barrier to travel by active modes, the extent of the problem, and specifically where the problems exist.
Action 1g – Work with VicRoads to prioritise and deliver the proposed Principal Bicycle Network
The Principal Bicycle Network (PBN) is a network of proposed and existing cycle routes designed to help people cycle to work, school, shops and social activities. Given Geelong’s transport challenges and the objectives of this strategy, it is important that the proposed cycle routes are delivered expediently as part of a wider approach that consistently encourages active transport modes.
Council will work with VicRoads to identify a prioritised delivery list for PBN works, and to ensure that the PBN evolves alongside growth areas, changing transport needs, as well as advances in technology. Growing numbers of people may prefer to cycle for health and affordability. Also, major advances in battery technology could result in a large increase in electric bicycles.
Action 1h – Identify an area-wide prioritised list of pedestrian and bicycle orientated traffic signal works
There is a high number of traffic signals throughout the City of Greater Geelong. Traffic signals can make a difference to the priority people place on their movement when travelling on foot and by bicycle. Traffic signal operations that help people cross the road quickly, safely and at convenient and desirable locations, will present the public with a consistent message that walking and cycling are proactively and consistently encouraged by council.
Council has various proposals for upgrading signals and changing signal timings to be better reflect the policy underlying several of these documents. Council will compile these into a prioritised list and develop an implementation plan in partnership with relevant stakeholders including VicRoads. As part of this process, Council will also identify new traffic signal-related work requirements at key locations where pedestrian activity is (or will be) high, including schools, activity centres,
neighborhood centres and other locations.